Find a version of the Shabbat Amidah in Hebrew hereor consult a prayer book of your choice. Thus, every Amidah is divided into three central sections: praise, petitions and thanks.
Originally, Jewish prayer was largely unstructured. Although the Rabbis eventually codified the format and themes of each of the blessings, it was initially left to the creativity of individual prayer leaders to generate the specific wording of the blessings.
Individual communities in different countries began to settle on somewhat standard versions of the prayers over time. Today the variations between the traditional texts of the Amidah in different communities are fairly minor.
Translation of the Weekday Amidah
Immediately before reciting the Amidah, the tradition developed of taking three steps backward and then forward again to symbolize entering into God presence. Mentioning the patriarchs AbrahamIsaacand Jacob —and in liberal congregations, the matriarchs, SarahRebeccaLeahand Rachel —this blessing praises God for remembering their good actions, and by implication, asking God to hear our prayer favorably because of their merit. The blessing begins and ends with a formal bow at the knees and hipssymbolically demonstrating our subservience to God.
The final blessing of this opening section of praise is called the Kedushahor holiness. There are two versions of this prayer, one when recited silently by individuals, the other, much longer, is a series of prayers and responses by the leader and congregation when the Amidah is repeated on behalf of the community.
Both of these prayers emphasize the holiness and sacred nature of God. Holy are they who praise you daily. On weekdays, the middle section of the Amidah consists of 13 blessings that are individual and communal requests to God.
Originally consisting of only 12 petitions, the total number of blessings recited was 18, hence, an early synonym for the Amidah was the Shemonah Esreior the Eighteen. However, in Rabbinic times another blessing was added resulting in a total of 19, yet the original name of the Shemonah Esrei was retained.
Of these 13 requests recited during the weekday Amidah, the first five are essentially personal, or individual requests to God to improve the situation of each person. The individual prays to God to grant us intelligence and understanding, give us the ability to repent of our transgressions, for God to be gracious and forgiving, to send a redeemer, or messiahto the Jewish people to end our affliction, and finally, to grant healing to those who are sick and ailing. Despite the individual nature of these requests, the language of the prayers are all in the plural emphasizing the corporate nature of even singular Jewish identity.
The following eight blessings are focused more explicitly on the communal and national needs of the Jewish people. There is a request for rain or dew in the proper season to ensure agricultural bounty, a plea to end the dispersion of the Jewish people, and prayers to restore true judges and establish justice in the world; to humble the arrogant and those who seek to malign and injure the Jewish community; to sustain the righteous of the house of Israel; rebuild Jerusalem; reestablish a Davidic leadership; and a final petition to hear and answer the prayers of the Jewish people.
On Shabbat morning, the entire middle section of the Amidah describes Moses receiving the Ten Commandments followed by the verses from the book of Exodus that describe the observance of Shabbat as a sign of the covenant between God and the Jewish people. It concludes with a blessing thanking God for sanctifying the Shabbat. On festivals, particularly the pilgrimage holidays of PesachShavuotand Sukkotthe middle portion of the Amidah similarly describes how God has given these holidays as a gift to the Jewish people for joy and celebration.
There are also references to the biblical patriarchs, King Davidand Jerusalem to be remembered in glory. Despite the official absence of requests, the holiday prayers of the Amidah do in fact ask that God enable us to enjoy and celebrate the holiday with gladness of heart and conclude with a blessing thanking God for sanctifying the people of Israel and the holiday. The final section of every Amidah concludes with blessings of thanksgiving to God; like the first three blessings, these are identical for weekday, Shabbat, and holiday versions of the Amidah.
The first of these is called Avodahwhich means service, referring to the service of animal sacrifices in the days of the Temple. This prayer thanks God for the gift of our lives and for the daily miracles which God bestows upon the world each day.While praying, concentrate on the meaning of the words and remember that you stand before the Divine Presence.
Before beginning the Amidahtake three steps back, then three steps forward. Recite the Amidah quietly — but audibly to yourself — while standing with feet together. In summer say: He causes the dew to descend. In winter say: He causes the wind to blow and the rain to fall.
He sustains the living with loving kindness, resurrects the dead with great mercy, supports the falling, heals the sick, releases the bound, and fulfills His trust to those who sleep in the dust. Who is like You, mighty One! And who can be compared to You, King, who brings death and restores life, and causes deliverance to spring forth! When the Chazzan repeats Amidah, Kedushah is recited here. We will hallow and adore You as the sweet words of the assembly of the holy Seraphim who thrice repeat "holy" unto You, as it is written by Your prophet: And they call one to another and Say, Cong.
Praise the L-rd. You are holy and Your Name is holy, and holy beings praise You daily for all eternity. During the Ten Days of Penitence substitute: the holy King. You graciously bestow knowledge upon man and teach mortals understanding. Graciously bestow upon us from You, wisdom, understanding and knowledge.
Blessed are You L-rd, who graciously bestows knowledge. Cause us to return, our Father, to Your Torah ; draw us near, our King, to Your service; and bring us back to You in whole-hearted repentance. Blessed are You L-rd, who desires penitence. Blessed are You L-rd, gracious One who pardons abundantly.
Blessed are You L-rd, Redeemer of Israel. Heal us, O L-rd, and we will be healed; help us and we will be saved; for You are our praise. Grant complete cure and healing to all our wounds; for You, Almighty King, are a faithful and merciful healer.
Blessed are You L-rd, who heals the sick of His people Israel. Blessed are You L-rd, who blesses the years. Sound the great shofar for our freedom; raise a banner to gather our exiles, and bring us together from the four corners of the earth into our land. Blessed are You L-rd, who gathers the dispersed of His people Israel. Restore our judges as in former times, and our counsellors as of yore; remove from us sorrow and sighing, and reign over us, You alone, O L-rd, with kindness and compassion, with righteousness and justice.
Blessed are You L-rd, King who loves righteousness and justice. During the Ten Days of Penitence substitute with : the King of judgment.It has that name because people say it standing up. Jews say it at every prayer service of the year. It now has nineteen. This simply means "prayer".
It has that name because it is so central to Judaism. The Amidah is said at least three times every day: at the morning, afternoon and evening prayer services. A person should say it standing. A person should say it loud enough to hear it. But it should be quiet enough that other people cannot hear it. At the morning and afternoon services, the Amidah is repeated out loud by the prayer leader.
When the Amidah is said out loud:. In Reform Judaism the Amidah is not said quietly. It is said out loud at every prayer service. There are two Amidah prayers during the year that are different from any others. See the pages on these holidays for more information. A siddur Jewish prayer book is always the best reference for information about Jewish prayers:. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.Shemoneh Esrei - English
This short article about religion can be made longer. You can help Wikipedia by adding to it. Category : Judaism.After all there's 12 teams in the Big Ten, right? Torah life, righteous life, with prayer as backbone--interesting. Praying as a servant before a master, a subject before a king demands bitul. Thank you. Here's a great tip! Enter your email address to get our weekly email with fresh, exciting and thoughtful content that will enrich your inbox and your life.
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Amidah Prayers for the Week and Shabbat in English & Hebrew
Popular Tools:.The Amidah Standing Prayer in English is also know as the standing prayer. If one is unable to stand such as in a car or perhaps ill, you may sit.
The rabbis add that this pose mirrors the vision of angels that Ezekiel had in which the feet of the angels appeared as one Ezekiel Because all prayers head tours the Temple Mount and then rise up. In many synagogues in the west, the ark is on the eastern wall of the synagogue for this reason.
To begin : take three steps backward, then three steps forward. Remain standing with the feet together while reciting Shemoneh Esrei. O king, helper, savior and shield. Your praise, O our God, shall never depart from our mouth, for You are a great and holy God and King. Blessed are You, O Lord, the holy God. You are holy, and Your name is holy, and holy beings praise You daily. Forgive us, O our Father, for we have sinned; pardon us, O our King, for we have transgressed; for You pardon and forgive.
Blessed are You, O Lord, the healer of the sick of his people Israel. Bestow [from the 15th of Nissan insert:] dew and rain for a blessing upon the face of the earth. O satisfy us with Your goodness, and bless our year like the best of years. Let there be no hope for slanderers, and let all wickedness perish in an instant. May all Your enemies quickly be cut down. Set our lot with them forever so that we may never be put to shame, for we have put our trust in You.
Blessed are You, O Lord, the support and stay of the righteous. Return in mercy to Jerusalem Your city, and dwell in it as You have promised. Rebuild it soon in our day as an eternal structure. Restore the service to the inner sanctuary of Your Temple. May the worship of Your people Israel always be acceptable to You.
And let our eyes behold Your return in mercy to Zion. O beneficent one, Your mercies never fail; O merciful one, Your loving kindnesses never cease. We have always put our hope in You.Learn Hebrew. Prayer Tutorial with Audio CD. The Shemoneh Esrei is perhaps the most important prayer of the synagogue.
Among observant Jews, it is referred to as HaTefillah, or "the prayer" of Judaism. The prayer is also sometimes called Amidah "standing" because it is recited while standing and facing the Aron Kodesh the ark that houses the Torah scrolls. The basic form of the prayer was composed by the Men of the Great Assembly in the fifth century B. Today the Amidah is a main section of all Jewish prayerbooks. Printer-Friendly Version. Next to the Shemathe Amidah is the most widely recited Hebrew in the world.
Notice that this adds up to nineteen, not eighteen. The reason for this was that an additional "blessing" was added later, but the name Shemoneh Esrei was retained. For this reason it is more straightforward to refer to the Shemoneh Esrei as the "Amidah" standing or "the Tefillah" the prayer.
After reciting all of these berachot, there is a concluding prayer said for the entire ceremony. Two Basic Versions There are two basic versions of the Amidah. Reciting the Amidah Most Jews face the Aron Kodesh and take three steps backward, and then three steps forward before before quietly reciting the Amidah.
Note that the blessings should be recited while standing, with quiet devotion and without interruption. Whenever there is a minyan group of ten present, the Amidah will be repeated aloud by the cantor in the synagogue, and the congregant responds "Amen" after each blessing has been recited. Part I: Blessings of Praise.
Part II: Blessings of Petition. New: One page PDF file for reading practice. Parsons All rights reserved. The Shemoneh Esrei. Reciting the Weekday Amidah Prayers.
The weekday version consists of the full nineteen blessings of praise, petition, and thanksgiving to God. The Sabbath and holiday versions are abbreviated to just seven blessings the first and last three blessings are the same as the weekday version, but the middle thirteen blessings are reduced to a single blessing appropriate for the holy day.Gordon Robertson Teaches on the Blowing of the Shofar.
Christianity's Jewish Roots. Rosh Hashanah and The Days of Awe. Celebrating the 'Fall Feasts' in Israel. More from Jerusalem Perspective. Tour Israel with CBN. The prayer is very ancient, some of the changes to it being made years before the time of Jesus. The prayer is also very beautiful, full of scriptural quotations and allusions.
Every Jew was obligated to pray the Eighteen Benedictions daily; however, in times of emergency, one was permitted to pray a shortened form of the Eighteen, such as the Lord's Prayer. Rabbi Eliezer, a younger contemporary of Jesus, taught this abbreviation of the Eighteen: "May your will be done in heaven above, grant peace of mind to those who fear you [on earth] below, and do what seems best to you. Also note the parallel between "grant peace of mind" in the prayer Eliezer taught and "deliver us from evil" in the prayer Jesus taught.
The headings in capital letters e. The characterizations of God, which always follow "Blessed are you, O Lord," also can be used to summarize each benediction, and, if strung together, comprise a nice description of God:. Blessed are you, O Lord our God and God of our fathers, the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac and the God of Jacob, the great, mighty and revered God, the Most High God who bestows lovingkindnesses, the creator of all things, who remembers the good deeds of the patriarchs and in love will bring a redeemer to their children's children for his name's sake.
O king, helper, savior and shield. Blessed are you, O Lord, the shield of Abraham. You, O Lord, are mighty forever, you revive the dead, you have the power to save. Who is like you, O doer of mighty acts? Who resembles you, a king who puts to death and restores to life, and causes salvation to flourish?
And you are certain to revive the dead. Blessed are you, O Lord, who revives the dead.